The list below is of key judgments published this year. Click the folders on the left hand side to browse the archive of judgments now available on the site since we started publishing in 2005.
- Re L (A Child)  EWCA Civ 821
Case summary coming soon
- A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 820
Case summary coming soon
- Re A (A Patient) (No 2)  EWCOP 39
Case summary coming soon
- Re A (A Patient)  EWCOP 38
Case summary coming soon
- Re F (A Minor)  EWHC 2149 (Fam)
Case summary coming soon
- W (A Child)  EWCA Civ 804
Appeal against the making of a secure accommodation order pursuant to s 25 of the Children Act 1989 in relation toa girl aged 17 years and 8 months at the time of the application.
- D v D (Fertility Treatment: Paperwork Error)  EWHC 2112 (Fam)
The latest in the series of cases focusing on applications for a declaration of parentage on the birth of a child following fertility treatment.
- Morris v Morris  EWCA Civ 812
Husband’s appeal to the Court of Appeal against orders for variation of maintenance, committal and costs.
- A & Another v C & Another  EWFC 4
Judgment of Mrs Justice Theis in an application for parental orders made after the six month time period. Application allowed.
- MB v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions  UKSC 53
Supreme Court judgment as to whether the Council Directive 97/7/EEC on the Progressive Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment for Men and Women in Matters of Social Security precludes the imposition in national law of a requirement that, in addition to satisfying the physical, social and psychological criteria for recognising a change of gender, a person who has changed gender must also be unmarried in order to qualify for a state retirement pension. The appellant, a transgender woman who has not applied for a full gender recognition certificate, has been denied a state retirement pension after her 60th birthday. Referral made to the European Court of Justice.
- Re A  EWHC 1756 (Fam)
Successful application for a parental order in relation to a 7-month old child born in South Africa following a surrogacy arrangement.
- West Sussex County Council v Alma  EWHC 2009 (Fam)
Judgment in care proceedings concerning a child of 19 months who, it appears, has been trafficked. Application to dispense with parental consent in circumstances where the parents could not be found.
- Veiga Da Silva Braga v Portugal - 39507 -13 (Judgment (Merits and Just Satisfaction) - Court (Fourth Section Committee))  ECHR 702
Judgment in the European Court of Human Rights concerning an applicant's claim that delays in enforcement proceedings against her former husband for unpaid child support constituted a breach of her Article 6 rights.
- R (C & Others) v London Borough of Southwark  EWCA Civ 707
Judicial review appeal by mother and four dependent children challenging the local authority’s policy or practice under s.17 Children Act 1989 re financial support and asserting a breach of Article 8 rights.
- MG v FG (Schedule 1 - Application to strike out Estoppel Legal Costs Funding)  EWHC 1964 (Fam)
Cross applications for strike out of the mother’s Schedule 1 Children Act 1989 application and for a legal services funding order.
- W (A Child)  EWCA Civ 793
Successful appeal by prospective adopters against decision to refuse adoption order and grant an SGO to paternal grandparents.
- Re C (A Child)  EWCA Civ 798
Appeal brought by Guardian News and Media Ltd, against the decision of Pauffley J, who had previously dismissed their application for publication of the 2014 decision of Eleanor King J concerning the surviving sibling of Ellie Butler. Appeal allowed.
- Goyal v Goyal  EWCA Civ 792
Court of Appeal judgment confirming that injunctions made under section 37 Senior Courts Act 1981 can only be made in support of existing substantive powers.
- Re L (Habitual Residence - Domestic Abuse)  EWHC 1844 (Fam)
Judgment of Cobb J determining the habitual residence of a child where a provisional view of the court’s jurisdiction had already been given by a different judge and accepted by the legal representatives acting for the parties at that time.
- BC v DE  EWHC 1806 (Fam)
Order made for payment both of historic and prospective costs through a Legal Service Payment Order in Schedule 1 and Section 8 Children Act 1989 proceedings.
- Ali v Ansar-Ali  EWCA Civ 781
Judgment on appeal in financial remedy proceedings against the wording of a lump sum order and the quantum of that order.
- Ely v Robson  EWCA Civ 774
Court dismisses a defendant’s appeal against a declaration that she was the 20% beneficial owner of a property in her former partner’s sole name pursuant to a settlement agreement reached between the parties in a car park during the course of litigation in 2007 and that she was estopped from asserting the contrary.
- R v D  EWHC 1164 (Fam)
Judgment considering whether the court should exercise its power under Article 11(7) and (8) of Brussels IIa to return a child to England, in circumstances where a Polish Court had rejected the father’s application for the child's summary return under the Hague Convention because it found that there was a grave risk that it would expose him to psychological harm, but a change of circumstances had subsequently removed that risk.
- GN v Poland - 2171-14 (Judgment (Merits and Just Satisfaction) - Court (Fourth Section))  ECHR 667
Decision of the European Court of Human Rights in relation to a father’s claim that a domestic court (Poland) failed to apply the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction and order the return of his child, and that the failure constituted a breach of Article 8 of the Convention.
- H (Care Order: Designated Local Authority)  EWFC 39
Judgment considering which of two possible local authorities should be the designated local authority on the conclusion of care proceedings.
- Re F & M (Children) (Thai Surrogacy) (Enduring family relationship)  EWHC 1594 (Fam)
Application for parental orders in respect of twins born conceived by way of IVF subsequent to a commercial surrogacy agreement entered into between the applicants (a British couple) and the respondent birth mother (a Thai national).
- Re A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 759
Appeal by mother against a declaration that it was lawful and in her child's best interest to remove his respiratory support and to offer pain relief.
- Krapivin v Russia - 45142-14 (Judgment (Merits and Just Satisfaction) - Court (Third Section))  ECHR 644
European Court of Human Rights judgment concluding that there had not been an Article 8 violation when a Russian court dismissed an application for contact nor an Article 6 violation when a hearing proceeded in a party’s absence.
- Grant & Another v Baker  EWHC 1782 (Ch)
Successful appeal by the trustees in bankruptcy of the first respondent against an order that the sale of a property owned by the first and second respondents be postponed until the respondents’ disabled adult child no longer resided at the property.
- D (A Child - Jurisdiction - Habitual Residence)  EWHC 1689 (Fam)
Judgment of HHJ Bellamy (sitting as High Court judge) determining the habitual residence of a child as a preliminary issue.
- Lewis v Warner  EWHC 1787 (Ch)
Appeal by the sole beneficiary of an estate against a decision under Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 providing the deceased’s cohabitee (who was a man of means) with an option to purchase the property in which he had lived with the deceased.
- Juffali v Juffali  EWHC 1684 (Fam)
Roberts J considers the relevance of a ‘stratospheric’, ‘unimaginably high’ marital standard of living to a Pt III MFPA 1984 claim by a wife, distilling the current jurisprudence on Pt III claims, and providing guidance on ‘needs’ claims in ‘big money‘ cases.
- Z v Z and Others  EWHC 1720 (Fam)
Roberts J considers the quantification element (‘Stage II’) of her decision in W’s Part III MFPA 1984 application following a concluded agreement in Russia and where the assets had been generated were nearly exclusively non-matrimonial.
- Re AO (Care Proceedings)  EWFC 36
Judgment concerning a child, relinquished for adoption by her parents. The local authority’s application for a care order was dismissed, on the basis that threshold was not made out.
- Re X (A Child) (No 2)  EWHC 1668 (Fam)
Application for a reporting restriction order in respect of a judgment handed down in public. Guidance on RRO applications given.
- IW v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and DW (CSM) (Child support - calculation of income)  UKUT 312 (AAC)
Child support appeal to the Upper Tribunal concerning interpretation of the Child Support Maintenance Calculation Regulations 2012 regarding information being obtained from HMRC and other sources.
- Re N (Children)  EWCA Civ 656
Court of Appeal judgment in an appeal of a decision not to grant leave to apply for contact with the subject child in care proceedings. Appeal allowed
- MCJ v MAJ  EWHC 1672 (Fam)
Judgment of Roberts J in financial remedies case where the total wealth available for distribution was in the order of between £10.5 to £11.6 million in which the husband sought a deviation from the sharing principle on the basis that his wealth had accrued before the marriage and he contended that the wife should leave the marriage with her needs met.
- Re A, B and C (UK surrogacy expenses)  EWFC 33
Applications for parental orders in respect of three children who were all born within 6 months of each other in which Ms Justice Russell considers whether the payments made to the surrogates were for expenses reasonably incurred.
- Malec v Poland 28623-12  ECHR 588
Father awarded damages after Poland’s treatment of his application for contact with his daughter violated Article 8 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
- London Borough of Sutton v Gray & Others  EWHC 1608 (Fam)
Application made by the media, including the Guardian, the BBC and Sky News, for the publication of the judgment in 2014 of Eleanor King J, concerning the child, Ellie Butler. The application was dismissed by Pauffley J owing to the substantial risk of prejudice that may occur to a criminal appeal pursued by the child’s parents.
- K (A Child)  EWCA Civ 462
Successful appeal against the refusal of a mother’s application for permission to oppose the adoption application in relation to her eight year old son.
- Re Z (surrogacy agreements) (Child arrangement orders)  EWFC 34
Application for a child arrangements order in respect of a baby boy born in England in the summer of 2015, as a result of a gestational surrogacy, where the respondent who acted as surrogate was not willing to hand the baby over to the applicants.
- In the Matter of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (Case M)  EWHC 1572 (Fam)
Judgment of Munby P concerning an application for a declaration of parentage pursuant to section 55A of the Family Law Act 1986 following an administrative mistake of an IVF clinic.
- QS v RS (No 2) (Application to Terminate Appointment of Guardian)  EWHC 1443 (Fam)
Judgment of MacDonald J concerning an application to discharge a children’s guardian on grounds of apparent bias. Notwithstanding legitimate concerns, the application would succeed only in ‘very rare’ circumstances, of which this case was not an example. A helpful summary for practitioners of the relevant principles when considering whether to make such an application.
- M v Press Association  EWCOP 34
Application to extend a reporting restriction order ‘until further order’ following the death of N, in relation to whom the court had granted permission for life-sustaining treatment to be removed.
- Re A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 572
Appeal by father against against an order requiring the return of his four-year-old son to Sweden in proceedings under the 2008 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
- Re X, Y and Z (Damages - Inordinate Delay in Issuing Proceedings)  EWFC B44
Application for declarations and damages pursuant to the Human Rights Act in respect of two children who were subject to a (purported) s.20 agreement to be accommodated by a local authority for more than two years after which an interim care order was granted.
- In the matter of D (A Child)  UKSC 34
Supreme Court judgment. Held that the Court does not have jurisdiction to hear an appeal from a father who had applied for the recognition and enforcement by the English courts of a custody order in his favour made by the Romanian courts. In reaching its decision the Court concluded that appeals in England and Wales under article 34 of BIIR may be brought only by a single further appeal on a point of law to the Court of Appeal.
- KB and RJ v RT  EWHC 760 (Fam)
Application for a parental order in respect of a child born to a gestational surrogate in India in circumstances where an application for a child settlement visa had been refused by the UK authorities on the basis that there was insufficient evidence that the applicants were the parents.
- AS v TH (False Allegations of Abuse) 2016 EWHC 532 Fam
Application by mother of two children for findings in respect of a series of allegations made against the father of one of the children. Found that the allegations were false; reference made to the guidance professionals should follow in such cases.
- R v R (Jurisdiction and Acquiesence) 2016 EWHC 1339 (Fam)
Judgment addressing important issues about jurisdiction when issuing private law proceedings under the Children Act 1989 in any case that has an international element, particularly in cases where a parent has recently arrived in the jurisdiction with the children.
- Re X (A Child)  EWHC 1342 (Fam)
Application by local authority under the court’s inherent jurisdiction for re-consideration of findings of fact made against birth parents at a hearing in 2013.
- Re F (Children)  EWCA Civ 546
An unsuccessful appeal on the decision to return children to Hungary under the Hague Convention. Guidance given as to the participation of children in proceedings.
- Wyatt v Vince  EWHC 1368 (Fam)
High Court approves settlement in this high profile case, distils current jurisprudence on privacy / publicity in financial remedy cases and determines costs of a Dean summons.
- Re J  EWHC 1330 (Fam)
Application for a declaration of legal parentage
- Re N  EWHC 1329
Application for a declaration of parentage in accordance with s.55A Family Law Act 1986, where the mother did not sign the requisite consent form.
- Bataillon & Anr v Shone & Anr  EWHC 1174 (QB)
Creditors claim under s.423 of the Insolvency Act 1986 to set aside transfers of assets between the defendant husband and wife which the defendants argued had been made pursuant to an informal separation agreement.
- De Renee v Galbraith- Marten 2016 EWCA Civ 537
Refusal of permission to appeal the dismissal of the wife’s application for leave to apply for financial relief after an overseas divorce, pursuant to Part III MFPA 1984.
- SM v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions  UKUT 245 (AAC) (20 May 2016)
Successful child support appeal to the Upper Tribunal by non-resident parent. Consideration of sums spent on school “extras” such as music lessons and sports activities.
- Birmingham City Council v LC and others  EWHC 1278 (Fam)
Care and placement orders made after further consideration of whether family members could care for the three children.
- Re S (Child Abduction - Joinder of sibling - Child’s Objections) 
Successful applications for joinder of R, a 17-year-old non-subject child and for the summary return of her sister S, aged 13 to France.
- Re S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 495
The Court of Appeal dismisses appeal against a child arrangements order and makes it clear that it is not a CAFCASS Officer’s duty when preparing a report to explore every aspect of a parent or child’s life, or to investigate matters not in issue.
- Re H (Jurisdiction)  EWHC 1252 (Fam)
Mother's application for an order requiring the father to give full information as to the whereabouts of their six-year-old child who is not habitually resident in this jurisdiction and has not been known to be present in the country at any stage.
- Randall v Randall  EWCA Civ 494
Successful appeal by a husband against a decision of a Deputy Master that he (as a creditor of a beneficiary) did not have an ‘interest’ (within the meaning of r 57.7, CPR 1998) sufficient to enable him to bring a probate claim challenging the validity of W’s mother’s will.
- Re V-Z (Children)  EWCA Civ 475
Successful appeal in care proceedings in which the Court of Appeal identifies the local authority’s failure to properly assess a family member based abroad and gives guidance on dealing with foreign authorities and their assessments of alternative carers.
- E (A Child)  EWCA Civ 473
Court of Appeal allow appeal against findings of fact made in care proceedings and provide important guidance on: (i) children giving evidence; (ii) the weight to be given to defective ABE interviews; (iii) the approach to representing a child accused of perpetrating abuse; and (iv) the Article 6 rights of a child who might properly be regarded as either a perpetrator or a victim or both.
- Davies & Another v Davies  EWCA Civ 463
The appellant parents sought to appeal the decision at first instance as to the quantum of equitable relief that should be granted to their daughter following her successful proprietary estoppel claim against them.
- Staffordshire County Council v SRK & Another  EWCOP 27
Judgment of Charles J considering whether the state had responsibility for a deprivation of liberty and as such whether a welfare order of the Court of Protection was required.
- Re S  EWHC 4159 (Fam)
Reporting restriction order upheld and extended in relation to a child arrested in connection with terrorist offences.
- M v F (Covert Recording of Children)  EWFC 29
Judgment of Peter Jackson J addressing a parent’s use of a child to covertly record evidence.
- Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust v BF  EWCOP 26
Application by NHS Foundation Trust in relation to a 36 year old woman with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia. The Trust sought declarations under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 that the patient lacked mental capacity to consent to or refuse medical treatment and that it was lawful, being in her best interests, that she undergo a total abdominal hysterectomy.
- In the matter of Z (A Child) (No 2)  EWHC 1191 (Fam)
Application by a father (“single person”), (following an unsuccessful application for a parental order) for a declaration that sections 54(1) and 54(2) of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 are incompatible with his and his son’s rights under Article 8 alone or Article 14 taken in conjunction with Article 8.
- Kent County Council v M and K (Section 20: Declaration and Damages)  EWFC 28
Theis J addresses two issues in relation to a 14-year-old child: (1) the making of a care order with a plan for long-term foster care; and (2) a claim on K’s behalf under HRA 1998 for declarations and damages following prolonged accommodation under section 20, Children Act 1989.
- Re X (Foreign Surrogacy - Child's Name)  EWHC 1068 (Fam)
Application by a same-sex couple for a parental order in respect of an international surrogacy arrangement (Nepal), and consideration of whether an additional order was needed to change a surrogate child’s birth name.
- Re O (Withdrawal of Medical Treatment)  EWCOP 24
Declaratory relief granted to a Trust to withdraw artificial ventilation from a woman who had suffered severe brain damage.
- Local Authority X v HI and Others  EWHC 1123 (Fam)
Application by a Guardian for an order restraining a local authority from disclosing to the parents of a child in care a specific piece of information which that child had shared with professionals.
- Cumbria County Council v M & Others  EWFC 27
A short judgment of Peter Jackson J refusing to re-open care proceedings on the basis of new evidence which had not been disclosed to the family court by the police at the time of the original fact-finding hearing, reported as Cumbria County Council v M, F & A  EWFC 18.
- Cumbria County Council v M & Others  EWFC 18
Judgment of Peter Jackson J widely reported in the media, handed down in July 2014, but not published until May 2016. Care proceedings in which a finding is made that the father murdered the subject child’s infant sibling, more than 2 years after the event took place and after several (now well-publicised) agency failings in investigating the death.
- CP v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (CSM) (Child support - calculation of income)  UKUT 391 (AAC)
Successful appeal to Upper Tribunal in CMEC case where the court found that the First-Tier Tribunal had failed in its duty to enquire into the Mother’s allegations.
- HA (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Final Order)  EWHC 4172 (Fam)
Judgment in long-running care proceedings where a final order was made at the pre-trial review.
- RA (Baby Relinquished for Adoption - Case Management)  EWFC 25
Judgment concerning a Latvian child, relinquished by his parents at birth, who was the subject of an uncontested adoption application where the maternal grandmother, living in Latvia, had expressed interest in caring for the child.
- Migliaccio v Migliaccio  EWHC 1055 (Fam)
Wife’s application for a judgment summons in respect of arrears of child periodical payments and an unpaid costs order. Judgment of Mostyn J includes consideration of the evidential burden in judgment summons hearings.
- T v R (Maintenance after Re-marriage - agreement)  EWFC 26
Wife’s application to strike out an application for a variation of a maintenance agreement under section 35 MCA 1973 refused
- Re E (Female Genital Mutilation and Permission to Remove)  EWHC 1052 (Fam)
Application by the mother for FGM orders against the father in respect of three children, countered by the father’s cross-application for the children to be placed in his care and permission to permanently remove the children from the jurisdiction to the jurisdiction of Nigeria. The father’s application was granted.
- K v K (Financial Remedy Final Order prior to Decree Nisi)  EWFC 23
Cobb J considers the validity of a financial remedies order made prior to Decree Nisi where the court was unaware of this fact.
- Singha v Heer  EWCA Civ 424
Unanimous rejection of an appeal against the determination of beneficial interests in a former matrimonial property now the subject of a TLATA claim in which a third party with no legal interest had attempted unsuccessfully to claim 100% of the beneficial interest relying upon a purported written agreement which the lower court had found to have been forged.
- SG v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and CL (CSM) (No. 2) (Child support - calculation of income)  UKUT 171 (AAC)
Decision of the Upper Tribunal concerning a father’s appeal against an assessment for child maintenance by the Child Support Agency (as it was), where the original assessment was in 2004, no maintenance had been paid and the proceedings had run for 12 years.
- TM v AH  EWHC 572 (Fam)
Wife succeeds in application to join trustees to existing proceedings brought by her to vary two familial trusts on the basis that they were nuptial settlements.
- R (on the application of O) v London Borough of Lambeth  EWHC 937 (Admin)
Application for judicial review made by a child challenging the London Borough of Lambeth’s assessment of her as not being a ‘child in need’ under section 17 Children Act 1989.
- Montalto v Popat and Others  EWHC 810 (Ch)
Judgment in the Chancery Division concerning the beneficial ownership of various companies, properties and chattels arising from the breakdown of a relationship between a cohabiting couple.
- Z and Z and Others  EWHC 911 (Fam)
Application by a former wife under Part III of the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 for financial relief after an overseas divorce. Judgment in ‘Stage 1’ of the proceedings that (pursuant to s.16) it would be appropriate in principle for the English court to make an order for financial relief.
- W (A Child) (Designation of Local Authority)  EWCA Civ 366
The Court of Appeal’s determination of a dispute as to the question of the designation of a local authority under a care order
- R (A Child) 2015 EWCA Civ 1581
The Court of Appeal dismisses a mother’s appeal against care and placement orders in relation to her young daughter.
- H-C (Children) 2016 EWCA Civ 136
Court of Appeal allows appeal and sets aside findings that a father smothered a 13 month old. Re-hearing to be kept under review pending the criminal proceedings.
- Spencer v Anderson (Paternity testing: Jurisdiction) 2016 EWHC 851 (Fam)
Judgment concerning whether the Court can direct scientific testing of the DNA of a person who has died, for the purpose of providing evidence of paternity. Testing granted in the circumstances of this case.
- C (Children) 2016 EWCA Civ 374
Use of inherent jurisdiction to sanction local authority’s limitation of mother’s parental responsibility to choose children’s forenames.
- L and B (Children: Specific Issues: Temporary Leave to Remove from the Jurisdiction: Circumcision) 2016 EWHC 849 (Fam)
Applications by father concerning the amount of time the parties' two children should spend with each parent; whether the father should be permitted to take the children to visit his family in Algeria (a non-Hague Convention country); and whether it was in the children's best interests to be circumcised in accordance with the father's Muslim beliefs.
- Mutch v Mutch  EWCA Civ 370
Wife’s successful appeal against a financial remedies order which set aside an order in her favour varying periodical payments. The Court of Appeal concluded that even though the wife’s notice did not contain an express reference to an application for an extension of the term of the periodical payments order, it satisfied the procedural requirements when read alongside the witness statement filed in support.
- Re C (Children)  EWCA Civ 356
Appeal by mother against the decision to hear oral evidence at an appeal hearing against a decision of the Lay Justices and the findings at the subsequent re-hearing held before the same judge. Appeal allowed and case remitted to the Lay Justices.
- W (Medical Treatment - Anorexia)  EWCOP 13
Peter Jackson J’s judgment on a health board’s application to the Court of Protection in relation to the care and treatment of a young woman suffering from life-threatening anorexia.
- Re Z (Recognition of Foreign Judgments)  EWHC 784 (Fam)
Judgment considering the exercise of the court’s powers under the inherent jurisdiction to recognise and enforce orders concerning the medical treatment of children made by the courts of another member state of the European Union.
- Re I (Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008)  EWHC 791 (Fam)
Application for a declaration of parentage in accordance with s.55A Family Law Act 1986, where the relevant consents were given on the wrong form following the implementation of the HFEA 2008.
- E-R (Child Arrangements)  EWHC 805 (Fam)
Judgment as to where a 6 year old girl should live following the death of her mother: whether with her father and his partner or with family friends of her mother, with whom she was currently living.
- A v H (Presumption of Death)  EWHC 762 (Fam)
A short judgment allowing an application for a declaration under the Presumption of Death Act 2013, in tragic circumstances, that the respondent wife was either dead or had not been known to be alive for a period of at least 7 years.
- In the matter of N (Children)  UKSC 15
Supreme Court judgment concerning the applicability of Article 15 of Brussels IIa to applications for care orders and the proper approach to the assessment of the children's best interests on applications for transfer of the proceedings.
- Y (Children) (No 3)  EWHC 503 (Fam)
The President of the Family Division, Sir James Munby’s judgment following a finding of fact hearing in a case in which he had already given two judgments, Re X (Children), Re Y (Children)  EWHC 2265 (Fam); Re X (Children), Re Y (Children) (No 2)  EWHC 2358 (Fam).
- Re G (Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008)  EWHC 729 (Fam)
Judgment of Munby P concerning the administrative mistake of an IVF clinic and s.42 of the 2008 Act on consent of the gestational mother’s civil partner.
- Liden v Burton  EWCA Civ 275
Court of Appeal upholds first instance decision awarding a former partner a 10% interest in her partner’s property as a result of proprietary estoppel
- L (A Child)  EWCA Civ 173
Appeal from a committal order sentencing the appellant to six months’ imprisonment for breach of a collection order which had been made over eleven years previously. Appeal allowed and guidance given as to the conduct of contempt proceedings.
- Re V  EWHC 668 (Fam)
Judgment of Parker J in dispute as to whether the English court had jurisdiction to hear the wife’s maintenance application.
- LB of Southwark v KA (Capacity to Marry)  EWHC 661 (Fam)
Judgment of Parker J as to whether a 29 year old learning disabled man, KA, lacked the capacity to make decisions on sexual relations and marriage.
- Re K  EWHC 3921 (Fam)
Application for an adoption order by a couple with whom the child had been living since July 2013 when she was 8 months old. The mother had indicated her opposition; however her consent was dispensed with and the adoption order was made.
- FM (A Child)  EWCA Civ 189
Appeal by a mother to Court of Appeal against making of SGO on grounds including that it was an unnecessary and disproportionate interference with Article 8 rights. Appeal dismissed.
- Besharova v Berezovsky  EWCA Civ 161
The Court of Appeal rules on a point of construction in consent order of deceased Russian oligarch and former wife.
- Al-Juffali v Estrada & Another  EWCA Civ 176
The Court of Appeal considered international and domestic law and determined that it was wrong to hold that in principle diplomatic immunity could not shield a husband from a wife’s Part III MFPA 1984 claim. However H's permanent residence in the UK precluded H from availing himself of such protection from W's financial claims.
- Work v Gray (Phase II: Computation and Distribution)  EWHC 562 (Fam)
Detailed judgment of Roberts J in financial remedy proceedings concerning the applicability and calculation of discounts on certain risk-laden or partially-illiquid investment funds for the purpose of capital distribution following an order for equal sharing of all net assets.
- S v J and Others  EWHC 559 (Fam)
Application for declaratory relief under s17 Married Women’s Property Act 1882 in relation to the beneficial ownership of four residential properties.
- Robertson v Robertson  EWHC 613 (Fam)
Judgment in ‘big money’ financial remedies case in which Mr Justice Holman considers issues of matrimonial and non-matrimonial property, and special contributions.
- Re M  EWCOP 69
Final judgment in long-running Court of Protection proceedings concerning a 29 year old man who has autistic spectrum disorder and a learning disability.
- Re M (Costs)  EWCOP 33
Fact-finding hearing in Court of Protection proceedings concerning a 29 year old man who has autistic spectrum disorder and a learning disability.
- Hammerton v United Kingdom (Judgment ( Merits and Just Satisfaction) - Court (First Section)) ] ECHR 272
Judgment of the ECtHR in respect of an application by a British national who alleged that his committal to prison for civil contempt and the subsequent civil proceedings by which he sought to obtain redress, violated his rights under Articles 5 and 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
- County Durham & Darlington NHS Foundation Trust v SS  EWHC 535 (Fam)
Application by NHS Trust under the inherent jurisdiction for declarations relating to the medical treatment and nursing care of a 7 year old child against the wishes of her parents. Declarations granted.
- BP v DP (Children - Habitual Residence)  EWHC 633 (Fam)
Application by a mother under the Hague Convention for the return of two children to Australia.
- Ciccone v Ritchie (No 2)  EWHC 616 (Fam)
Application for permission to withdraw proceedings under the 1980 Hague Convention. Application granted.
- Ciccone v Ritchie (No 1)  EWHC 608 (Fam)
Mother's application under the 1980 Hague Convention for the summary return of her 15 year old son to the USA. Review of the principles to be applied when considering whether to make a child a party to proceedings under the Convention.
- BD v FD (No 2)  EWHC 594 (Fam)
- PD v SD and Others  EWHC 4103 (Fam)
Keehan J’s judgment on an application for declaratory relief by a 16 year-old young man experiencing gender dysphoria in terms that his adoptive parents do not receive information about his day-to-day life, medical assessment or possible treatment.
- In the Matter of D (Children) (Child Abduction: Practice)  EWHC 504 (Fam)
Hague Convention application in which the President of the Family Division sets out observations as to when, if at all, the court should deal with Hague proceedings in a manner which is not merely 'summary' but 'ultra-summary'.
- Y v Z  EWHC 3987 (Fam)
Application by a father for the committal to prison (or other penalty) of a mother for the alleged contempt of a court order requiring her to return two children to England and Wales from India.
- Re C, D and E (Children)  EWFC 92
Findings of fact relating to threshold in respect of serious and historic abuse perpetrated by A, the father of D (the subject of care proceedings), sought by the local authority on the basis of hearsay evidence.
- FK v ML (Child's Objections)  EWHC 517 (Fam)
Application under the Child Abduction and Custody Act 1985 involving a thirteen year old child, who, having been wrongfully retained in England and Wales, is returned to Ireland, despite his vociferous objections.
- Re M and K (Temporary Leave to Remove to Non-convention Country)  EWFC B229
Application by mother to be released from a prohibited steps order preventing her from removing the parties' two children from the jurisdiction so that she could take them to a family wedding in Malaysia. Application granted.
- Kanev-Lipinski v Aharon Lipinski and Others  EWHC 475 (QB)
The claimant (W) sought a freezing order and an asset preservation order against the respondent, her former husband (H), and several companies in which H had shares.
- SB v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and & Anor (Child support: calculation of income)  UKUT 84 (AAC)
Successful appeal from the First Tier Tribunal (‘FTT’) regarding the amount of a parent’s child support maintenance liabilities. The Upper Tier Tribunal (‘UTT’) held that the FTT had erred in law as a result of misconstruing the Child Support Maintenance Regulations 2012.
- WA v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions & Anor (Child support: tribunal practice)  UKUT 86 (AAC)
Guidance from the Upper Tribunal as to how the First-tier Tribunal should exercise case management powers to ensure in child support cases that a parent is not prevented from attending a hearing because of fear of intimidation.
- Re JL and AO 2016 EWHC 440 (Fam)
Judgment concerning babies relinquished for adoption. Approval of adoption does not depend on local authority or court reaching the conclusion that ‘nothing else will do’. Consideration of issues including obligations under Vienna Convention when child relinquished for adoption or otherwise voluntarily accommodated by a local authority.
- Re DM and LK  EWHC 270 (Fam)
Application by the genetic parents for a parental order in respect of a child born in October 2014). The respondents (the surrogate mother and her husband) did not oppose the application; however the case required careful consideration due to the improper procedures followed during the transfer process. The parental order was made.
- Nottingham City Council v LM and others  EWHC 11 (Fam)
Application in relation to a newborn baby for an ICO with a care plan for removal in which Keehan J strongly criticises local authority failings and sets out vital good practice for future cases.
- Re AD and AM (Fact-finding hearing) (Application for re-hearing)  EWHC 326 (Fam)
Following an earlier judgment in which Cobb J concluded that a baby’s mother had caused life-threatening injuries to her son and that these injuries were non-accidental, Cobb J sets out reasons for directing a re-consideration of those findings of fact.
- Re AD and AM (Finding of Fact - Non-accidental Injury)  EWHC 4859 (Fam)
Fact-finding concluding that the mother caused life-threatening injuries to 10 month old baby.
- DB v DLJ  EWHC 324 (Fam)
Mostyn J ruling that courts can interfere with arbitral awards in cases of fraud, mistake or supervening event, but finding that it should not do so in this instance.
- D v E  EWFC 3
Judgment of Macdonald J in private law children proceedings considering competing applications regarding with whom an 11 year-old boy should live and under what terms he should (a) remain with the maternal aunt under a special guardianship order; or (b) move to live with the father. The judgment contains a scathing assessment of the report and oral evidence of a very junior social worker and the training given to her.
- Re W (Children)  EWCA Civ 113
Appeal against the decision in respect of media reporting of a fact finding hearing in the much reported Poppi Worthington case.
- R (on the application of M) v Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority  EWCA Civ 102
Application for permission to appeal against an order dismissing the appellants' claim for judicial review of a decision of the respondent, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, where the appellants had sought to have the gametes of their daughter exported to a treatment centre in New York.
- Birmingham City Council v SK  EWHC 310 (Fam)
Local Authority application to discharge an injunction against an individual who had been mistakenly identified as a perpetrator of child exploitation.
- NR v AB  EWHC 277 (Fam)
Needs case with arguments about the doctrines of resulting and constructive trusts, nuptial settlements and Thomas v Thomas resources.
- Re K (Children)  EWCA Civ 99
Father’s successful appeal against a child arrangements order granting him only indirect contact with his children for an unspecified period of time. The lower court had failed to consider the range of alternatives available before rejecting the application for direct contact.
- Re CS (Termination of Pregnancy)  EWCOP 10
Judgment concerning an application by an NHS Trust for orders in respect of a young woman CS who was said to lack capacity and in respect of whom the Trust sought an order that it would be in her best interests to undergo surgery terminating her current pregnancy.
- Mann v Mann  EWHC 314 (Fam)
Judgment of Roberts J in which she calculated outstanding arrears due to a wife after 17 years of litigation, considered the applicability of s 24 Limitation Act 1980 to claims for interest on unpaid financial orders, and also considered recent developments concerning the burden of proof for committal under s 5 Debtors Act 1869.
- Re W (Children) (Abduction Striking Out) 2015 EWHC 4002 Fam
Pre-trial review on the father’s application under the Hague Child Abduction Convention and BIIa for the return to Spain of two children, age 7 and 6. Baker J addresses the mother’s applications for (1) strike out and (2) psychological assessment.
- AB v CD  EWHC 10 (Fam)
Application by a former husband in financial remedy proceedings to set aside a consent order on the basis of an allegation that, at the time of the agreement, his former wife failed to make full and frank disclosure in relation to a company of which she was both a director and shareholder. Consent order set aside and matter relisted for further directions.
- Rapp v Sarre (formerly Rapp)  EWCA Civ 93
Financial remedies appeal challenging the use of capital to meet needs, the treatment of high-risk investment assets and a departure from equality based on conduct.
- R (Rights of Women) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWCA Civ 91
Application by Rights of Women for a declaration that procedural regulations have been unlawfully used to introduce more restrictive criteria for eligibility to legal aid than those found in LASPO 2012, or that they frustrate the statutory purpose, by prescribing the acceptable types of supporting evidence too rigidly and narrowly, thus excluding many women who ought to be eligible for legal aid under the terms of LASPO 2012. The argument focused principally on the requirement that the supporting evidence must be less than 24 months old.
- D (Children: Abduction)  EWHC 3990 (Fam)
Successful application by a mother under the Hague Convention on Child Abduction and Brussels IIR for the summary return of three children to France.
- A Local Health Board v Y (A Child) and Others  EWHC 206 (Fam)
A short judgment of Baker J under the inherent jurisdiction granting a health trust’s application to withhold and to withdraw medical treatment given to a 6-month old baby with extensive brain damage, palsy and who had suffered multiple cardiac arrests.
- Re N and P (Children)  EWFC 4
Judgment of Mr Justice Baker in which he makes care and placement orders in respect of two children and summarises the guidance for public law cases involving children who have links to foreign countries.
- Re S (Children) 2016 EWCA Civ 83
Care proceedings; appeal from decisions including that 13 year old child who made allegations of sexual abuse should not give oral evidence at fact finding hearing. Appeal dismissed on this issue, but with detailed dissent from Gloster LJ.
- D (Children) 2016 EWCA Civ 89
Court of Appeal determines that judge did not have the jurisdiction to determine a dispute on the payment of the costs of an independent social worker in private law children dispute.
- Re M (children)  EWCA Civ 61
Judgment in Court of Appeal in which King LJ notes the importance of the provision of services to adoptive parents under Section 4 of the Children and Adoption Act 2002.
- Re B (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1053
Judgment in Court of Appeal in which King LJ draws attention to paragraph 19, CPR PD 52C and sets out best practice for local authorities in care cases where litigants in person seek permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal.
- Re AZ (Child:Relocation to Poland)  EWFC 8
Mother’s successful application to permanently relocate to Poland with the parties’ two year old child.
- P (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1428
Appeal against a child arrangements order, whereby contact between the mother and her 18 months old child was limited to indirect contact only.
- GN v MA  EWHC 3939 (Fam)
Application for substantial increase in periodical payments under Sch. 1 to the Children Act 1989 in relation to child and for an order for sums to pay, inter alia, debts and legal costs.
- BG v BA (Deceased)  EWHC 3947 (Fam)
Joint application for the court to construe a financial remedies consent order to determine whether the wife or the estate of the late husband ought to discharge €9.2m of French tax charged against a valuable French property.
- Aburn v Aburn  EWCA Civ 72
Court of Appeal judgment in financial remedy proceedings appeal allowed regarding one element in the initial order which provided for an automatic increase in the level of periodical payments payable to the wife following the date upon which the youngest child ceased privately funded secondary education.
- WS v WS  EWHC 3941 (Fam)
Judgment in financial remedy proceedings in which neither spouse wanted a pension sharing order, both sought equality of asset division overall with a clean break. The High Court decided the correct approach to pension offsetting should be based upon Duxbury calculations as opposed to sums required to purchase an annuity to generate an equivalent income to a pension.
- In the matter of B (A child)  UKSC 4
Appeal to Supreme Court by non-biological mother against decision that court did not have jurisdiction to deal with application seeking return of child removed to Pakistan. Appeal allowed.
- Re L and M (Children) EWHC 3969 (Fam)
Fact finding hearing about the cause of wrist fractures in a later deceased child concluding that the father caused the injuries.
- E v E (Art 19 and Seising BIIa)  EWHC 3742 (Fam)
Judgment concerning the relationship between Article 16 (court first seised) and Article 19 (lis pendens) of Brussels II Revised. Specifically, whether a court should simply ‘decline’ jurisdiction, or do so by way of ‘dismissing’ the English proceedings. The concluding paragraphs address service of foreign process within Brussels II Revised.
- Quan v Bray  EWCA Civ 1401
Judgment within long-running financial remedy proceedings, dealing with the Husband’s application for the court to reconsider the decision to grant the Wife permission to appeal.
- G v G  EWHC 2101 (Fam)
A judgment of Bodey J considering the jurisdiction of the court to stay an application under TOLATA.
- Birmingham City Council v D & Another  EWCOP 8
Judgment in Court of Protection proceedings concerning the possible deprivation of liberty of a young person in a residential unit.
- D (A Child) (International Recognition)  EWCA Civ 12
Appeal against an order of Peter Jackson J concerning the recognition and enforcement of an order relating to custody of a nine year old child which had been made by the Romanian Court of Appeal.
- S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1345
Appeal against a case management decision to include as evidence a document that the Court of Appeal had previously in a separate appeal found to be fundamentally flawed. Appeal allowed.
- Q v Q (No 3)  EWFC 5
Final hearing concerning the father’s application for direct and indirect contact, and the mother’s applications for prohibited steps and section 91(14) orders.
- MS v PS  EWHC 88 (Fam)
High Court referral to ECJ to determine whether the enforcement of European maintenance orders can be made directly to the Family Court (as opposed to via REMO).
- London Borough of Camden v RZ and Others  EWHC 3751 (Fam)-1
Application by the local authority for interim care orders in respect of two children, where forced marriage protection orders had been made against the parents.
- F v M & Others  EWHC 3601 (Fam)
High Court judgment in proceedings under s55A Family Law 1986 for a declaration of parentage in respect of a child, C.
- F (Children)  EWCA Civ 1315
Appeal, brought by the mother of two children, against the decision in private law children proceedings. Appeal allowed and crIticism made of the adequacy of the judge’s reasons for his decision.
- P (A Child)  EWCA Civ 3
Mother’s appeal against the making of care and placement orders in relation to P, who was 18 months at the time of the appeal hearing.
- Ismail v Choudhry  EWCA Civ 17
Appeal as to validity of marriage allowed on basis of new evidence, matter remitted.
- Cherwayko v Cherwayko (No 3) (Contempt in financial remedy proceedings and costs)  EWHC 2482 (Fam)
Wife’s application for committal of the Husband for contempt in financial remedy proceedings. Parker J found that the Husband had breached two orders and an undertaking, describing him as insouciant and unrepentant and imposed an immediate custodial sentence.
- Cherwayko v Cherwayko (No 2) (Contempt, contents of application notice)  EWHC 2436 (Fam)
Parker J considers the procedural requirements of committal applications and the powers of the court to remedy defects.
- Re Z & Others  EWCOP 4
Judgment by Cobb J in the Court of Protection concerning a 20-year-old woman with Asperger’s Syndrome and her capacity to make a variety of decisions as to how and where she should live. It is a very helpful example of a finely-balanced case on the facts and involves a nuanced application of the statutory test for capacity under the MCA 2005.
- Re W-M (Children)  EWCA Civ 1201
Appeal concerning an application to extend a supervision order and to enforce a contact order. Held that the trial judge acted proportionately in limiting the written evidence of the parents and was not wrong in proceeding with the trial in the father’s absence. Appeal dismissed.
- North Yorkshire County Council & Another v MAG & Another  EWCOP 5-1
Linked appeals in the Court of Protection against the refusal of an application for the authorisation for the deprivation of liberty of a 35 year old man, suffering from autism and learning disabilities, at the home where he has lived since 2006. Appeals allowed.
- F v Cumbria County Council & M (Fact finding No 2)  EWHC 14 (Fam)
Fact-finding hearing concerning the siblings of Poppi Worthington involving evidence about the interpretation of post-mortem findings given by six professional witnesses.
- Maughan v Wilmot  EWHC 29 (Fam)
Unsuccessful application by a husband to set aside an order fixing his liability to pay child maintenance on the basis that the term stating that he could be validly served by email was a contravention of “The Hague Convention on Service”).
- Re D (A Child) (No 3)  EWFC 1
Care proceedings in which Munby P sets out key principles to consider in cases involving parents with learning disabilities.
- Wigan Council v M & Others (Sexual abuse - Fact finding)  EWFC 6
Fact finding hearing concerning grave allegations of abuse perpetrated against two children by their stepfather. Observations made about the failures of the statutory agencies highlighting the importance of prompt action, thorough analysis and early referral to legal services by social services teams handling similar cases.
- Re X (Children) (No 3)  EWHC 3651 (Fam)
Fact-finding hearing in public law proceedings regarding a mother accused of attempting to take her children to Syria where, it was alleged, she intended to join up with ISIS. Munby P was not persuaded to make the central findings sought by the local authority and the care and wardship proceedings were dismissed.
- Re CB (Adoption and Children Act 2002)  EWHC 3274 (Fam)
Application for an adoption order in respect of a 7 year old girl of Latvian citizenship. Latvian authorities involved within the proceedings. Adoption order granted.
- Re B (Children)  EWCA Civ 1302
Appeal against an order permitting the permanent removal of two children to the United Arab Emirates. Consideration of the use of wardship and provision of financial security to ensure and enforce compliance.
- E v M  EWCA Civ 1313
Court of Appeal grants permission to appeal in respect of s 91(14) order made on very short notice to a litigant in person. Permission to appeal section 8 child arrangements order refused
- A, B, C and F (Children)  EWHC 3663 (Fam)
Wardship proceedings concerning children taken to Somalia.
- Re W and F (Children)  EWCA Civ 1300
Appeal following findings of sexual abuse made within care proceedings where there had been significant deficiencies in the investigation into the allegations. Appeal allowed.
- Watts v Watts  EWCA Civ 1297
No appearance of bias to the notional fair-minded and informed observer in a probate / I(PFD)A 1975 judgment in which senior counsel sitting as a deputy judge had informed the parties at the outset that she was leading one of the advocates in other unrelated long-running litigation.
- Re C (Older Children - Relocation)  EWCA Civ 1298
Appeal by the mother and her older child against the court’s refusal to allow the mother to remove her children to the USA.
- Peng v Chai  EWCA Civ 1312
Appeal by husband in long-running financial remedies proceedings, where litigation was being pursued in Malaysia and in this jurisdiction, involving substantial assets and concerning arguments relating to issue estoppel, abuse of process and stay of proceedings. Appeal dismissed.
- Re D (A Child)  EWHC 3434 (Fam)
Final hearing of cross-applications by the parents for a child arrangements order that D live with them and of the mother’s application for permission to remove D permanently from the jurisdiction to Israel.
- Re C (Internal Relocation)  EWCA 1305
Father’s appeal against order permitting the wife to move with their daughter from London to Cumbria. (Guidance given by Court of Appeal about principles to be applied in relocation cases).
- Re C-W (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1272
Court of Appeal decision in private law proceedings regarding mother’s application for contact with child in the USA where the mother lived. Application at first instance dismissed; appeal allowed. Consideration of legal protection offered by the mother.
- Re H (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1284
Appeal of Russell J’s decision (made on rehearing) to order the return of a child who had been placed with prospective adopters to the care of her father.
- EH v Sec of State for Work & Pensions (CSM) (Child support: variation: departure directions: diversion of income)  UKUT 621
The Upper Tribunal determines that repayments of a director’s loan can constitute income for the purposes of an application to vary child support maintenance on the grounds of diverted income.
- Re P (Application for Declarations by Health Authority)  EWCOP 42
Application by NHS Trust for declarations relating to life sustaining treatment of a patient.
- Re Z (Foreign Surrogacy: Allocation of Work: Guidance on Parental Order Reports)  EWFC 90
Judgment setting out guidance, approved by the President of the Family Division, in respect to applications for parental orders under the Human Fertilization and Embryology Act 2008 section 54.
- Re RS (Forced Marriage Protection Order)  EWHC 3534 (Fam)
Application under the Inherent Jurisdiction of the High Court in which the court found that a 25-year old man, who had been married in Pakistan, lacked capacity to consent to sexual relations/marriage and exercised its discretion to make a declaration of non-recognition in relation to the marriage.
- A (Children)  EWCA Civ 1254
Appeal against placement orders involving issues of inter-sibling contact and cultural heritage needs.
- WA (A Child) (Abduction) (Consent; Acquiescence; Grave Risk of Harm or Intolerability)  EWHC 3410 (Fam)
The High Court, considering the Hague Convention 1980 and BIIR, found no substance to three Article 13 (b) ‘defences’ or exceptions to an order for summary return of an 8-year-old child to his country of habitual residence, in circumstances involving likely separation of siblings.
- Re AT v SS (No 2)  EWHC 3328 Fam
Application by mother for variation of an order requiring the return of the parties' child to The Netherlands. Application dismissed.
- Re AG  EWCOP 78
Appeal by DG, the mother of AG, against an order of His Honour Judge Rogers who had considered the welfare arrangements for AG in the Court of Protection. Appeal dismissed by the President.
- AR v AS  EWHC 3440 (Fam)
Application for the summary return of a child to Saudi Arabia. Application declined.
- Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust v C and Another  EWCOP 80
Application by an NHS trust pursuant to s 15 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 for a declaration that patient ‘C’ lacked capacity to make decisions about her medical care and treatment. The application was dismissed (and the court did not therefore need to consider the further application for declarations pursuant to s.4A and s. 15 to authorise the trust to administer further medical treatment).
- Re H (Children)  EWCA Civ 1216
Appeal by father in private law children proceedings on the basis that the judge at first instance had erred in (i) making no order for contact; (ii) declining to enforce an order for indirect contact; and confirming the making of a one-year order under s 91(14) of the Children Act 1989. Appeal dismissed.
- I (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1159
Application for permission to appeal a decision to permit the withdrawal of life sustaining treatment of an 11 year old boy. Permission refused.
- MM v (1) Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, (2) IJ (CSM)
An “unusual” appeal in which the Appellant Mother sought to set aside a Consent Order agreed with the Father concerning maintenance liability under the Child Support Scheme. Appeal allowed and remitted for a re-hearing.
- Re S  EWHC 3288 (Fam)
Judgment in proceedings arising from cross-applications (1) by the mother for permission to remove the parties' child permanently from the jurisdiction to reside in Pakistan; and (2) by the father for a child arrangements order under which the child would live predominantly with him.
- Re N  EWCOP 76
Hayden J granted permission to remove life-sustaining treatment for N who was suffering from progressive MS and was in a minimally conscious state. The judge highlighted the weight to be attached to N’s own views
- In the matter of J (a child)  UKSC 70
Judgment of the Supreme Court unanimously allowing the father's appeal, holding that it is open to the English courts to exercise the article 11 jurisdiction in cases of wrongful removal under the 1996 Hague Convention, and ordering that the case be returned to the High Court for a decision as to whether it is appropriate to do so in the circumstances of this case.
- B v B  EWCA Civ 1166
Appeal by mother against costs made in proceedings under the Hague Convention.
- Re D (A Child)  EWCA 1150
Successful appeal from a care and placement order in which the Court of Appeal found that the first instance judgment should have contained clear and reasoned findings about disputed facts.
- Re CD  EWCOP 74
Application in the Court of Protection to authorise deprivation of liberty for the purposes of carrying out an abdominal hysterectomy on a patient detained under section 3 MHA 1983
- Re O (A Child) 2015 EWCA Civ 1169
Court of Appeal decision in public law proceedings involving consideration of declarations absolving a local authority from duties to consult and provide information to a parent, and making final orders at an IRH including the professional duty of advocates and lawyers to direct their attention to the obligation to achieve finality at the IRH wherever possible.
- JR v Sec of State for Work & Pensions & Anor (CSM) (Child support: variation: departure directions: lifestyle inconsistent)  UKUT 582 (AAC)
Appeal to the Upper Tribunal by mother seeking variation of child support based on, inter alia, the father's lifestyle being inconsistent with his declared income. Appeal dismissed and First-tier Tribunal's decision should be implemented.
- Minkin v Landsberg  EWCA Civ 1152
Court of Appeal uphold decision that solicitor on retainer limited to re-drafting a financial remedies consent order had no duty of care to advise on merits of the underlying agreement.
- C ( A Child) (Wasted Costs)  EWHC 3259 (Fam)
Hearing in private law children proceedings before Mr Justice Cobb on the mother’s application for a wasted costs order against the father’s solicitors. Held that a wasted costs order was justified and proportionate in this case.
- Re L (Grave risk of harm) (Children's objections)  EWHC 3300 (Fam)
Application under the Hague Convention for the summary return of a 7 year old child to Bulgaria. Application successful and child’s return ordered.
- Ramadani v Ramadani  EWCA Civ 1138
Appeal concerning the jurisdiction of a court in England and Wales to hear a spousal maintenance application in the context of Council Regulation (EC) 4/2009 ("The Maintenance Regulation") following previous proceedings in another EU member state
- KS v MK  EWHC 3276 (Fam)
Judgment in Hague Convention proceedings after the father withdrew his application for the summary return of the child to Spain owing to its unusual facts.
- NA v Nottinghamshire County Council  EWCA Civ 1139
Appeal considering whether a local authority should be liable for the abuse perpetrated by foster carers on the child in their care. Held that the local authority was not so liable.
- Re L (No 2)(A Romanian Child: fact finding & welfare)  EWHC 3191 (Fam)
Fact-finding of sexual and physical abuse and subsequent welfare decision for long-term specialist foster care for the child.
- FB v PS  EWHC 2797 (Fam)
Wife’s application for a financial remedies order where the quantum of the assets amounted to c. £19 million yet there was virtually nothing at all in the name of the Wife
- Re M (Children)  EWCA Civ 994
Successful appeal from the summary dismissal of an application brought by parents to discharge a care order
- Re L (A Child) (Jurisdiction - Private Fostering)  EWHC 1617 (Fam)
Judgment deciding the issue of jurisdiction in care proceedings concerning a Romanian national who had been habitually resident in Romania for all of her life until she came to live in the UK in 2013.
- WD v HD  EWHC 1547 (Fam)
Appeal against an order terminating the wife’s substantive spousal maintenance award and imposing an immediate clean break whilst leaving unaltered her obligation to pay part of her eldest daughter’s school fees
- Welch v Welch  EWHC 2622 (Fam)
Judgment in financial remedy proceedings in which the wife appealed against various orders at first instance and contended that various circumstances amounted to Barder events. Appeal dismissed and civil restraint order imposed.
- JS v RS  EWHC 2921 (Fam)
Judgment in financial remedy proceedings involving a short marriage and c. £6.9M assets, the court considering a 'clutter' of 'doomed' arguments as to pre-acquired earning capacity, contribution and conduct (including add-backs), and whether it should make a 'higher order' if a party will settle for less.
- Medway Council v B & Others  EWHC 3064 (Fam)
Judgment concerning the extent to which the wishes and feelings of children are relevant when considering whether the criteria for transferring jurisdiction pursuant to Art 15(1) of Brussels IIa are met.
- Veluppillai & Others v Veluppillai  EWHC 3095 (Fam)
A wife’s claim for financial remedy involving extreme litigation misconduct by the husband.
- MF v SF  EWHC 1273 (Fam)
Moylan J determines a financial remedies application in a case dominated by the wife's suspicion of the husband's business dealings.
- C (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1096
Dismissal by the Court of Appeal of linked applications by a father in private law children proceedings: (i) permission to appeal a fact-finding judgment and subsequent welfare decision; and (ii) an appeal against a non-molestation injunction prohibiting the father from recording his meetings/handovers with the mother.
- CK (Children) (Care Proceedings, Habitual Residence, Article 15)  EWHC 2666 (Fam)
Judgment within care proceedings concerning (i) whether the court had jurisdiction under Article 8 Brussels IIA; and (ii) whether to accede to a request by the Lithuanian Central Authority for a transfer of jurisdiction under Article 15 Brussels IIA. Held that the court had jurisdiction on the basis that the children were habitually resident in England and Wales at the time proceedings were issued, and that the criteria warranting a transfer under Article 15 BIIA were not met. Accordingly the request by the Lithuanian Central Authority was refused.
- Barnes v Phillips  EWCA Civ 1056
Appeal against finding that a cohabitee was entitled to 85% of the beneficial interest in a property where there was no express declaration of trust. Appeal dismissed.
- N (Children) (Adoption: Jurisdiction)  EWCA Civ 1112
Important decision of the Court of Appeal concerning adoption cases with a foreign element, the possibility of ‘limping’ adoptions, and future good practice in relation to section 20 Children Act 1989: misuse and abuse of s.20 will ‘no longer be tolerated’ and ‘it must stop’.
- AB (A Child: Deprivation of Liberty)  EWHC 3125 (Fam)
Application by the local authority to authorise the deprivation of liberty of a child in its care, who had been placed in a residential children’s home.
- A Local Authority v S  EWHC 3010 (Fam)
Local Authority application for a secure accommodation order under s.25 Children Act 1989 or alternatively, under the High Court’s inherent jurisdiction
- Tickle v The Council of the Borough of North Tyneside  EWHC 2991 (Fam)
Applications by a journalist and local authority by which the former sought permission to report certain care proceedings whilst the latter sought a reporting restriction order. Agreed order approved.
- Sharland v Sharland  UKSC 60-1
Appeal to the Supreme Court by a wife concerning the impact of fraudulent non-disclosure on a financial settlement agreed between a husband and wife on divorce, especially one embodied in a court order.
- Re K-L (Children)  EWCA Civ 992
Appeal by mother following a fact-finding hearing to determine allegations against the father. The appeal concerned difficulties including (i) the question as to which effective decision was under appeal and (ii) that there was no order giving effect to the judgment that the mother wished to challenge.
- Re TW and TM (Minors)  EWHC 3054 (Fam)
Appeal by the father against child maintenance orders made under Schedule 1 to the Children Act 1989. Appeal allowed and remitted the matter for rehearing.
- S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 1015
Father’s appeal against final care order dismissed. Court of Appeal gives guidance on skeleton arguments, particularly when inheriting a case from a litigant in person.
- KW & Others v Richmond Metropolitan BC  EWCA Civ 1054
Second successful appeal in a Court of Protection case in which the Court of Appeal applies the Supreme Court’s definition of “deprivation of liberty” and also addresses the ambit and procedure of consensual appeals made pursuant to CPR r.52 and PD52A.
- MS v PS  EWHC 2880 (Fam)
Judgment following a final hearing of an application brought by a father for an order under the Hague Child Abduction Convention for the return of his son to Israel.
- A (Children: Adoption: Long Term Foster Care), Re  EWCA Civ 1021
Appeal against refusal to make care orders (and placement orders) based on care plans for adoption.
- C v C & Another  EWHC 2795 (Fam)
Roberts J set out the court’s jurisdiction to make freezing orders in relation to family members’ operation of a family-owned business
- Gohil v Gohil  UKSC 61
Appeal to the Supreme Court by a wife concerning the setting aside of a final order made in financial remedies/ancillary relief proceedings on the basis that there had been material non-disclosure by the husband.
- J (Children)  EWCA Civ 1019
Father’s appeal against an order made by the President of the Family Division refusing the father’s application for the mother’s committal following breach of an order requiring the return of two of their five children to Spain.
- Re A and B (Contact) (No 4)  EWHC 2839 (Fam)
The fourth published judgment from Mr Justice Cobb in a long-running private child dispute between same-sex parents
- F (Child's Objections) (was Re N on appeal)  EWCA Civ 1022
Appeal by father against the decision by the trial judge to order the return of the parties' children to their mother in Australia, following their wrongful retention by their father.
- D v D  EWHC 1393 (Fam)
A final hearing in Financial Remedy proceedings involving issues of non-disclosure
- X NHS Trust v Mr B  EWCOP 60
Application for a declaration that it was lawful (contrary to his express wishes) to amputate the foot of an adult who lacked capacity in circumstances where without the operation he could die within a few days. Application refused.
- Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust v A & Others  EWHC 2828 (Fam)2828
Judgment arising from an application by NHS Foundation Trust as to whether it would be lawful to withdraw mechanical or artificial ventilation from two identical male twins, now aged about fourteen months.
- Mackay v Mackay  EWHC 2860 (Fam)
Holman J recuses himself from financial remedies case in which the wife sought to set aside a consent order on the basis of material non-disclosure
- M (Children)  EWCA Civ 994
Appeal against summary dismissal of application for discharge of care orders. Appeal granted by the Court of Appeal.
- Re F and X (Children)  EWHC 2653 (Fam)
Judgment in a case where the mother had failed to comply with the terms of an order to return the children to the jurisdiction from the Sudan, where there were concerns about the risk of the daughter being subjected to FGM
- M-B (Children)  EWCA Civ 1027
Appeal by local authority following a fact finding hearing in which the judge determined not to make findings that the fractures suffered by the child were the result of non–accidental injury. The appeal was allowed and the matter was remitted for a hearing de novo.
- FAS v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Another  EWCA Civ 951
Appeal against the refusal to make an adoption order in respect of MW, a young person aged 18 of Pakistani nationality, by which FAS, a British citizen, would become his adoptive mother. Appeal dismissed for reasons other than those given at first instance.
- H v A (No 1)  EWFC 58
Applications by mother in respect of the parties’ three children: (i) to revoke an order allowing the father indirect contact; secondly, (ii) to revoke the father’s parental responsibility and (iii)an application pursuant to s 91(14) CA 1989.
- H v A (No 2)  EWHC 2630 Fam
Judgment concerning an application for a reporting restriction following publication of a previous judgment in the same matter which Mr Justice McDonald considered to be in the public interest.
- Somerset County Council v MK and Others  EWCOP B1
Costs awarded on an indemnity basis against a local authority at the conclusion of Court of Protection proceedings.
- BR v VT  EWHC 2727 (Fam)
Applying FPR 2010 rule 20.2(1)(c)(v), and s 33 FLA 1996, in circumstances of the parties’ pressing debts and revenue deficit the court made an interim order for sale of the matrimonial home in which the wife and two children remained living.
- Re C (A Child) (Application by Dr X and Y)  EWFC 79
Application by a doctor and his colleague seeking disclosure and permission to use papers from care proceedings (and GMC proceedings) in circumstances where it was alleged that misinformed press reporting about the care proceedings in which Dr X had acted as an expert had severely damaged his reputation and ability to work in child protection.
- Re Q (A Child)  EWCA Civ 991
Judgment of the Court of Appeal concerning the interplay between the duty of the court to attempt to promote contact, and its case management powers to determine and dismiss issues at a hearing without live evidence, in a case where the judge had decided against ordering contact.
- T (A Child) (Early Permanence Placement) 2015 EWCA Civ 983
Judgment of the Court of Appeal holding that early permanence placements do not justify change in approach to joinder of prospective adopters in care proceedings.
- Re Dad application to commit  EWHC 2655 (Fam)
Application for committal of child’s uncle for alleged breach of a Collection Order in child abduction case struck out due to serious procedural defect
- Appleton & Gallagher v News Group Newspapers and PA  EWHC 2689 (Fam)
The court granted permission to NGN Ltd to appeal to the Court of Appeal to resolve the “unhappy divergence of judicial approach” to privacy and reporting restrictions in ancillary relief cases.
- Seddon v Oldham MBC (Adoption Human Rights)  EWHC 2609 (Fam)
Judgment concerning rights of birth parents and children after adoption. The making of an adoption order always brings pre-existing Article 8 rights between a birth parent and an adopted child to an end.
- Nasim v Nasim  EWHC 2620 (Fam)
Application for permission to appeal out of time by the Husband in financial remedy proceedings. Holman J grants permission to appeal following a ‘Barder’ event.
- Welch v Welch  EWHC 2622 (Fam)
Wife’s application for permission to appeal and to set aside financial remedies order on the basis, inter alia, of a number of matters she argued constituted Barder events with Husband’s cross-application for a civil restraint order against the wife.
- B (A Child)  EWCA Civ 974
Application to appeal an interim child arrangement order where the child made allegations against a parent. Appeal dismissed.
- DL v SL  EWHC 2621 (Fam)
Within the final hearing in this financial remedies application, Mostyn J considers the law concerning the presence of the media in court and whether the practice of ordering every ancillary relief matter to be heard in open court is compliant with PD27.10 of the FPR 2010.
- In the matter of HFEA 2008 (Cases A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H Declaration of Parentage)  EWHC 2602 (Fam)
Applications for declarations of parentage in accordance with section 55A of the Family Law Act 1986 where children had been born following donor insemination but statutory requirements had not been complied with as a result of failure by the relevant clinic. Declarations granted.
- Re E (children) (FGM protection orders)  EWHC 2275 (Fam)
Successful application for a FGM Protection Order
- Re F (A Child) (International Relocation Cases)  EWCA Civ 882
The Court of Appeal considers the correct interpretation of the jurisprudence on international relocation cases, approving an “holistic evaluative analysis”.
- TW v Secretary of State for Work & Pensions and Another (Child support: variation/ departure directions: other)  UKUT 440
Child support variation appeal in which the Upper Tribunal considers the relationship between receipt of working tax credit and the ability of the Secretary of State / First-Tier Tribunal to agree a variation.
- Re D (Children)  EWCA Civ 749
Application by parents for permission to appeal against care and placement orders on the basis that the court had failed to properly determine whether the mother had litigation capacity at the time the proceedings were heard
- London Borough of Tower Hamlets v B  EWHC 2491 (Fam)
Care proceedings brought by a local authority in respect of siblings who, it argued, were in danger of being radicalised.
- Capehorn v Harris and Another  EWCA Civ 955
The Court of Appeal reversed a decision of the Central London County Court to impute common intention constructive trusts with respect to properties and companies held in the parties' respective sole names.
- Re M (A Child)  EWFC 71
Judgment by Munby P on the entitlement to legal aid funding of a parent who is seeking a review of findings of fact in public law children proceedings.
- X (Children) and Y (Children) (No 2)  EWHC 2358 (Fam)
Supplemental judgment to that in X (Children) and Y (Children)  EWHC 2265 (Fam) concerning the security measures to be implemented in order to reduce the risk of flight by the families concerned.
- Re Z (A Child: Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act: Parental Order)  EWFC 73
Application by a father for a parental order under section 54 (1) of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 solely in his favour. Application dismissed on the basis that such an order is not available to a sole parent.
- Re L (A Child)  EWCA Civ 901
Mother’s appeal against care and placement orders in respect of her child (L) on the basis that the court did not have adequate assessment evidence and the Judge’s findings had been wrong.
- R (Translation of Documents in Proceedings)  EWFC B112
Judgment giving guidance in relation to the costs of translating documents for the purposes of care proceedings on behalf of publicly-funded parties.
- Bagum v Hafiz and Another  EWCA Civ 801
Appeal in jointly owned property dispute as to whether the court has jurisdiction to order the transfer of one beneficiary’s interest to another and/or power to direct trustees of land to sell property to particular beneficiaries without the other co-owner’s consent.
- H v Dent & Others  EWHC 2228 (Fam)
Application for costs following unsuccessful committal proceedings brought by a father who was involved in private law Children Act proceedings.
- B (A Child) (Habitual Residence) (Inherent Jurisdiction)  EWCA Civ 886
Appeal against an order dismissing the appellant’s application under the Children Act 1989 and the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court for contact with and a location order in respect of P, who had been removed lawfully to Pakistan. Appeal dismissed.
- R v R  EWCA Civ 796
Appeal as to whether an order for the husband to pay interim maintenance to the wife circumvented Ukrainian sanctions legislation to which the husband is subject. Appeal dismissed.
- Re NH (1996 Child Protection Convention Habitual Residence)  EWHC 2299 (Fam)
Judgment as to whether the English courts have jurisdiction to hear applications for orders under the inherent jurisdiction and/or a public law order under Part IV of the Children Act 1989 where the it is not possible to establish the subject child's habitual residence.
- G (Child)  EWCA Civ 834
Successful appeal of findings made following a finding of fact hearing within private law proceedings where the judge hearing the matter was deemed to have intervened to the extent of prejudicing the exploration of the evidence.
- A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 910
The Court of Appeal considers a case of implacable hostility to contact on behalf of the child and the mother, despite no findings against the father, and upholds an order for no direct contact.
- RY v Southend Borough Council  EWHC 2509 (Fam)
Cross applications for an adoption order and the return of the subject child to local authority care pursuant to section 35(2) Adoption and Children Act 2002
- London Borough of Redbridge v SNA  EWHC 2140 (Fam)
Application by local authority to invoke the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court to protect young people in the borough from a male who was perceived to present a sexual risk. Application dismissed (and undertakings given discharged) because the protection of unknown children is beyond the scope of the inherent jurisdiction.
- Re P (A Child)  EWCA Civ 777
Appeal by mother against order refusing her permission to oppose the making of an adoption order in respect of her child, aged 19 months at the time of the hearing, on the basis that the judge was wrong in finding that the mother had not shown sufficient change to satisfy s 47(7) of the Adoption and Children Act 2002. Appeal dismissed.
- Taukacs v Taukaca  EWHC 2365 (Fam)
Hague Convention case in which best practice guidance given regarding need for particular care in wording of location orders
- WA v Executors of the Estate of HA & Others  EWHC 2233 (Fam)
“Fabulously wealthy” Wife’s appeal against a consent order for financial provision on the basis that the Husband’s suicide 22 days after the making of the order constituted a Barder event. Appeal allowed and the lump sum reduced from £17.34 million to £5 million
- Y (A Minor: Wardship)  EWHC 2099 (Fam)
Continuation of Wardship due to significant concerns that a child would be influenced to wage jihad in Syria
- Surrey and Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust v Ms AB  EWCOP 50
Application by Surrey and Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust in the Court of Protection for permission that the respondent, Ms AB, undergo an above the knee amputation of her left leg.
- Re Jake  EWHC 2442 (Fam)
Judgment by the President of the Family Division, giving reasons for making an urgent order concerning the medical treatment of Jake, a gravely ill ten-month old child.
- PK v Mr & Mrs K  EWHC 2316 (Fam)
Application by a 14 year old young woman for the revocation of an adoption order and for the change of her surname to that of her biological mother. Application granted.
- Joy v Joy-Morancho & Others (No 3)  EWHC 2507 (Fam)
Further judgment in long-running financial remedies proceedings in which the wife sought a lump sum of £27 million.
- Re PD  EWCOP 48
Court of Protection judgment in which Baker J decided that enforcement and recognition of foreign orders for deprivation of liberty under Schedule 3 to the Mental Capacity Act 2005 can be made without joinder of the subject adult as a party where that adult had been a party in the substantive foreign proceedings
- Birch v Birch  EWCA Civ 833
Wife’s appeal to vary the terms of an undertaking embodied in a financial provision order made by consent in 2010
- Re D (A Child)  EWCA Civ 829
Father’s appeal against an order dismissing his application for a child arrangements order for contact to his son
- CB (A Child)  EWCA Civ 888
Case attracting media attention about adoption of Latvian child; helpful ‘lessons’ set out by Munby P at the end of the judgment.
- Y (A Minor: Wardship)  EWHC 2098 (Fam)
Wardship proceedings to protect a child who may be vulnerable to family influences to wage jihad in Syria
- A and B (No 1 - Fact finding judgment)  EWHC 1059 (Fam)
Decision of Theis J following a fact finding hearing in the context of an application for a parental order for two children born pursuant to a surrogacy arrangement.
- Re W (Adoption Application: Reunification with Family of Origin)  EWHC 2039 (Fam)
Hearing following Court of Appeal setting aside care and placement orders. Adoption order not granted and child returned to live with biological parent and siblings.
- NT v Secretary of State for Work & Pensions (CSM) (Child support: variation: departure directions: other)  UKUT 422-2
Child support appeal challenging a decision to “vary” the appellant’s income by reference to his real property assets, on the basis it was not a just and equitable variation - s 28F Child Support Act 1991, regulation 18 CSM (Variation) Regulations 2000.
- A and B (No 2 - Parental Order)  EWHC 2080 (Fam)
Decision of Theis J following a joint application for a parental order. The parental order was made; the judgment includes a discussion of the relevant criteria in s.54 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (“HFEA 200”) and the decision in Re X (A Child) (Surrogacy: Time Limits)  EWHC 3135 (the application having been made after the six month time limit).
- Ilott v Mitson & Others  EWCA Civ 797
Claim pursuant to the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 by the estranged daughter of the deceased whose will made no provision for the daughter
- X (Children) and Y (Children)  EWHC 2265 (Fam)
Judgment by the President of the Family Division concerning two cases in which it was alleged that families had attempted to travel to Syria, the main issue in each case being whether the children should remain in the care of the respective local authorities in the interim pending final decisions being made by the court.
- GW v MW  EWFC 56
Application by father to enforce a contact order and consideration of where the subject children were habitually resident and whether the court had jurisdiction
- Derby City Council v SK and Others  EWFC 57
Judgment to determine jurisdiction in public law proceedings involving a Polish family.
- A-S (Children)  EWCA Civ 748
Appeal by mother against a finding that she deliberately drowned her 7 month old child. Appeal dismissed.
- Re L (A Child) (Jurisdiction: Private Fostering)  EWHC 1617 (Fam)
Care proceedings in which it was determined that the child L was habitually resident in England and the court declined to transfer the proceedings to Romania under Article 15 of Brussels IIR
- W-J (Children)  EWCA Civ 788
Appeal against interim care order on plan for separation of mother and child. Issues raised in respect of adjournment to explore available options and use of injunctive relief under the Human Rights Act 1998
- Re D (Children)  EWCA Civ 703
Application for permission to appeal and if granted, to appeal, the dismissal of a mother’s application for leave to oppose an adoption order
- KG v LG (No 2)  EWFC 64
Appeal by wife against a consent order in financial remedy proceedings on the grounds of material non-disclosure. Appeal allowed.
- Re S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 649
Appeal by father against orders granting adoption in favour of a step-father and terminating the child’s contact with his father. Appeal allowed because the procedure was flawed, and matter remitted for rehearing by a different judge.
- JB v MB  EWHC 1846 (Fam)
Final hearing of financial remedies application – 7 year delay between separation and application for financial remedies – consideration of post-separation increase in the value of husband’s shareholding in a company
- Re K (1980 Hague Convention) (Lithuania)  EWCA Civ 720
Mother’s appeal from Hogg J order for the return E, 11, to Lithuania forthwith pursuant to the 1980 Hague Convention despite the mother’s assertions that the case fell within the exceptions contained in Article 13 of the Convention
- Guerroudj v Rymarczyk  EWCA Civ 743
Appeal against decision to revisit an earlier determination of the parties' cross-applications for a transfer of tenancy under s 53 / Schedule 7 Family Law Act 1996. Appeal dismissed.
- Re S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 689
Appeal against an order that the father should have indirect contact only with the parties' child after the CAFCASS officer had recommended direct contact to be supervised indefinitely. Appeal allowed and the matter remitted for rehearing.
- WW v HW  EWHC 1844 (Fam)
Judgment in high value financial remedies case in which the wife came to the marriage with significant assets and there was a pre-nuptial agreement between the parties – a “paradigm” case demonstrating “the need for more certainty in the law of financial remedies and nuptial agreements”.
- Re R (A Child)  EWCA Civ 674
Appeal by father in care proceedings against a determination that the child had been habitually resident in England and Wales throughout her life. Appeal dismissed.
- Re S-B (Children)  EWCA Civ 705
Mother’s appeal against a child arrangements order which had provided for indirect contact and a s.91(14) Children Act 1989 order
- Curran v Collins  EWCA Civ 404
Appeal by a former cohabitant seeking to establish a beneficial interest in properties held in her ex-partner’s sole name
- Prest v Prest  EWCA Civ 714
Appeal by husband against judgment summons under section 5 of the Debtors Act 1869, granted in respect of non-payment of maintenance arrears. Appeal dismissed.
- T (A Child: Suspension of Contact: Section 91(14) CA 1989)  EWCA Civ 719
Appeal by father against an order suspending all contact between him and the parties' child and against the making of a section 91(14) order. Appeal allowed.
- Re A and B (Children) (Surrogacy: Parental Orders: Time Limits)  EWHC 911 (Fam)
Consideration as to whether the six month time limit, under s.54(3) of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008, should be extended to enable the making of parental orders
- AC v SC  EWFC B76
Husband’s appeal against the decision of a District Judge in financial remedy proceedings where the District Judge had failed to take into account the agreement that had been reached at the FDR on the term of the maintenance order
- K v D (Parental Conflict)  EWFC 49
Judgment following final hearing in acrimonious private law Children Act proceedings concerning two children.
- RC (Mother) v AB (Father)  EWHC 1693 (Fam)1693
Application by a mother to relocate permanently with the parties' 8 year old son to Angola.
- Re M'P-P (Children)  EWCA Civ 584
Appeal in care/adoption proceedings from the decision of a circuit judge to place the two young children with their paternal aunt (who had only met them once previously) rather than with the single local authority foster carer with whom the children had both lived from the very early stages of their lives and who wished to become their adoptive parent.
- Birmingham City Council v Sarfraz Riaz and Others  EWHC 1857 (Fam)
Balancing of Article 8 and Article 10 rights in the context of whether a lifelong reporting restriction order should be granted to a victim of child sexual exploitation. Lifelong reporting restriction order granted.
- Re X (Court of Protection Practice)  EWCA Civ 599
Appeal from two judgments of the President concerning the practice and procedure to be adopted in applications to the Court of Protection in deprivation of liberty cases.
- R (on the application of IM and MM) v HFEA  EWHC 1706 (Admin)
Judgment in proceedings challenging the decision by the HFEA to refuse permission to allow export and use of female gametes after death of the donor. Issues of consent, correct use of powers and engagement of Article 8.
- Re LG (A Child)  EWFC 52
Successful application by a father for leave to oppose an adoption order
- JM v MM  EWFC B74
HHJ Wildblood QC gave permission to appeal a District Judge’s order in financial remedy proceedings and ordered a rehearing in relation to capital and periodical payments
- Fields v Fields  EWHC 1670 (Fam)
Judgment in respect of wife's application for financial remedy following the parties’ nine and a half year relationship, comprising one year of pre-marital cohabitation and eight and a half years of marriage which, the judge said, “cannot be characterised as a short marriage”.
- Re C (A Child) (Procedural Requirements of a Part 25 Application)  EWCA Civ 539
Appeal allowed against direction for psychological assessment where the application was not part 25 FPR 2010 compliant and was in some respects ‘unlawful’
- Re A (Foreign Surrogacy: South Africa)  EWHC 1756 (Fam)
Application for a Parental Order by H and M, in respect of a seven month old child (A) born in South Africa
- Re H (Children)  EWCA Civ 583
Judgment in the Court of Appeal as to what regard, if any, should be had by a judge, when considering an application to extend the time for appealing in a family case relating to children, to the overall merits of the proposed appeal.
- Re S and T (Children)  EWHC 1753 (Fam)
Judgment in proceedings concerning application under the Adoption and Children Act 2002, section 84, in which the applicants asked the court to dispense with the father's consent on the ground that the welfare of the children required it.
- Re T (Children)  EWCA Civ 606
Judgment in an appeal in care proceedings considering the impact of delay of six months between final hearing and judgment.
- Re A (A child - Wardship - Fact finding - Domestic Violence)  EWHC 1598 (Fam)
Domestic violence fact finding – findings made that the father was physically abusive towards the mother.
- Re J (A Child)  EWHC 1627 (Fam)
Judgment of the President of the Family Division in a Hague Convention case in which he had made a without notice order on 29 May 2015, in circumstances where unbeknown to him, a stay of execution had previously been extended until 12 June 2015
- Liaw v Lee (Non-recognition of divorce)  EWHC 1462 (Fam)
Mostyn J refused recognition under s 51 (3) Family Law Act 1986 of a Malaysian decree nisi and absolute of divorce made following a husband having filed a "knowingly false" and secret petition in Malaysia.
- Re A (A Child - Application for leave to apply for a child arrangements order)  EWFC 47
Application for leave to apply for a child arrangements order
- Bournemouth Borough Council v PS and Anor  EWCOP 39
Judgment in the Court of Protection considering what constitutes a deprivation of liberty.
- Gadhavi v Gadhavi  EWCA Civ 520
Financial remedy proceedings appeal involving a Thomas v Thomas argument as to judicial pressure that can be put on donees and a judicial decision as to the value of a property
- In the Matter of M Children  EWHC 1433 Fam
Judgment relating to wardship and reporting restriction orders made in respect of children of a family alleged to be travelling to Syria to join the Islamic State
- G v G  EWHC 1512 (Fam)
Application by a former wife in financial remedy proceedings seeking orders preventing her former husband’s legal team (leading and junior counsel, and solicitors) from continuing to act for him at a forthcoming hearing
- Davison v Davison  EWCA Civ 587
Appeal by wife against discrete issue of interpretation concerning tax liabilities arising out of the judgment and subsequent order in financial remedy proceedings.
- Newcastle City Council v WM & Others  EWFC 42
Judgment in care proceedings concerning three children in which Cobb J highlights a number of procedural and professional failings on the part of professionals involved in the case.
- M v M  EWFC B63
Judgment considering the impact of a potentially substantial reduction in a party’s life expectancy on financial remedy proceedings.
- Arbili v Arbili  EWCA Civ 542
Financial remedy proceedings appeal involving an argument as to the wrongful exercise of judicial discretion and a further reiteration of the Imerman guidance on documents illegally obtained from the other party
- Re Baggaley  EWHC 1496 Fam
The President considers the jurisdiction for making Civil Restraint Orders against a McKenzie friend
- Re SO  EWHC 935 (Fam)
Judgment concerning the power of the court to extend protective injunctive orders made in wardship proceedings beyond a child’s 18th birthday where the child was habitually resident outside England and Wales.
- C (A Child)  EWCA Civ 500
Appeal by mother seeking publication of an anonymised judgment from private law children proceedings. Appeal dismissed. Court of Appeal careful not to enlarge upon or contradict the careful wording of the President's Practice Guidance on the issue.
- Re K and H (Children )  EWCA Civ 543
Appeal by the Lord Chancellor against an order requiring HMCTS to fund legal representation for a father seeking contact and challenging the underlying proposition that the Court has power to order the Lord Chancellor to provide for legal representation outside the legal aid scheme of LASPO
- A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 486
Mother’s appeal against a child arrangements order for supervised contact following the making of ‘serious findings’ of fact against the father - appeal dismissed
- P (Children)  EWCA Civ 466
Appeal by a mother against a child arrangements order for unsupervised contact made in the context of a history of domestic violence and against a family assistance order made without prior consultation of the recipient local authority. Appeal allowed.
- AR v RN (Scotland)  UKSC 35
Supreme Court judgment determining whether to order the return to France of two children who had been living with their mother in Scotland since 2013 but who had been born in France and lived there prior to their move to Scotland
- Re E-R (A Child)  EWCA Civ 405
Appeal against a child arrangements order which provided that a child should live with her father following her mother’s death. The appellants were the mother who was terminally ill (and died before the hearing of the appeal), and her friends who had been caring for her and the child and whom the mother had appointed as testamentary guardians.
- Bromfield v Bromfield  UKPC 19
Appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council by wife in financial remedy proceedings in Jamaica in which the court had dismissed her application under the Married Women's Property Act and ordered a lump sum payment by her husband.
- Critchell v Critchell  EWCA Civ 436
Judgment in financial remedy proceedings in which the Court of Appeal restated the application of the principle in Barder v Barder (Caluori intervening)  2 FLR 480.
- Re H (A child) (Temporary Leave to Remove Turkey) (Enforcement of Child Arrangements Order)  EWFC 39
Application for temporary leave to remove child to Iran withdrawn and for temporary leave to remove child to Turkey granted with safeguards
- T (Children)  EWCA Civ 453
Appeal by grandparents against the making of an interim care order removing children from family members. Appeal dismissed.
- K v K  EWHC 1064 (Fam)
President makes s.91(14) Children Act 1989 and Grepe v Loam orders against litigant in person.
- R (AM) v London Borough of Havering and Another  EWHC 1004 (Admin)
Judgment in proceedings to determine, inter alia, which children's services authority should be responsible for assessing and meeting the needs of dependent children from a homeless household where the duties of a local housing authority towards that homeless household are coming to an end and that family has been placed in another authority's area.
- CS v ACS and Another  EWHC 1005 (Fam)
Judgment by the President of the Family Division ruling that para 14.1 of PD30A FPR 2010 which states that an appeal is the only way in which a consent order may be challenged is ultra vires.
- MA v SK  EWHC 887 (Fam)
Judgment in proceedings following divorce in which the wife applied for orders regarding a property in London. A company (established and part-owned by the husband) applied against the wife for possession of that property. The judge transferred the property to the wife and dismissed the company’s application for possession.
- K (A Child)  EWCA 352
Appeal against determinations arising from the approach taken by the High Court in respect of issues of forum conveniens and welfare
- S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 489
Mother’s appeal against the making of a placement order to enable further assessment of her parenting capabilities dismissed
- N v D (Customary Marriage)  EWFC 28
Court finds customary Nigerian marriage ceremony proved on facts, and rules that this gave rise to a valid marriage in English law
- S (A Child)  EWCA Civ 325
Appeal by paternal grandmother of a child based upon the assumption that the judge at first instance had not regarded the grandmother's claim to be the child's long term carer as being unrealistic in the context of Re B-S. Appeal allowed.
- ABC v PM and Another  EWFC 32
Section 37 MCA 1973 - setting aside of reviewable dispositions – legal fees - appeal by husband’s solicitors of order setting aside a charge executed in their favour over the former matrimonial home
- P v P  EWCA Civ 447
Appeal by the trustees of a post-nuptial settlement against an order which varied the settlement to provide financial relief to the wife following divorce. Appeal dismissed.
- Dellal v Dellal and Others  EWHC 907 (Fam)
Judgment arising from an application for strike out and/or summary judgment in relation to a claim under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975, providing consideration of Vince v Wyatt  UKSC 14 on the limits of strike out and analysis of the requirements in cases with international elements at the early stages of proceedings.
- J (A Child) (1996 Hague Convention) (Morocco)  EWCA Civ 329
Appeal by a mother against an order for the return of her 8 year old child to Morocco. Appeal allowed, the original order set aside and substituted with an order dismissing the father’s application.
- H v S (Surrogacy Agreement)  EWFC 36
Judgment arising from cross-applications for a residence order and contact order (as they were then called) in respect of a child conceived following an agreement whose terms were highly contested.
- H (A Child) (Analysis of Realistic Options and SGOs)  EWCA Civ 406
Appeal against special guardianship order. Appeal allowed and directions given for the future conduct of the proceedings, including evidential and witness requirements.
- U (Children)  EWCA Civ 334
Appeal by father against the refusal to adjourn an application for a re-hearing of care proceedings in which care orders were made in respect of four children and placement orders in respect of two of them.
- London Borough of Tower Hamlets v M & Others  EWHC 869 (Fam)
Ex parte applications by local authorities to prevent travel to ISIS countries. Conduct of such applications and the importance of co-operation between agencies.
- Re BK-S (Children) (Expert evidence and probability)  EWCA Civ 442
Appeal by mother in public law proceedings against finding of fact that she had administered an anti-psychotic drug to her child. Expert evidence considered. Appeal dismissed.
- Re D (Children)  EWCA Civ 409
Appeal of care and placement orders involving consideration of procedural fairness, need for compliance with FPR 2010 Part 30 and whether there is a freestanding obligation on the court to consider children giving evidence.
- Trust A v X and Others  EWHC 922 (Fam)
Judgment of Mr Justice Keehan in which he found that the residential placement in hospital of a 15 year-old boy with behavioural disabilities constituted a deprivation of liberty, but concluded that his parents’ consent to the placement was a proper exercise of their parental responsibility.
- In the Matter of B and G (Children) (No 3)  EWFC 27
Consideration of threshold and subsequent appropriate orders within public law proceedings
- Re H-B  EWCA Civ 389
Appeal against an order allowing only indirect contact between the father and his two daughters aged 16 and 14; and a s 91(14) CA 1989 prohibition for two years.
- Re W (Children)  EWCA Civ 403
Father’s successful appeal against adoption orders and dismissal of his contact application - the applications were remitted to be heard by a different judge
- Hopkins v Hopkins  EWHC 812 (Fam)
2010 post-nuptial agreement largely upheld on grounds of fairness after wife’s case of vitiation by duress rejected
- Re B (Child) (Relocation: Sweden)  EWCA Civ 286
Appeal against an order permitting relocation of a five year old girl to Sweden
- Curran v Collins  EWCA Civ 404
Appeal against decision at first instance that the appellant did not have a beneficial interest in property and was not a partner in a kennelling business. Appeal dismissed and Eves v Eves distinguished.
- MN (Adult)  EWCA Civ 411
Guidance from the President in respect of the Court of Protection’s powers to impose a care plan upon a reluctant local authority.
- V (A Child)  EWCA Civ 274
Appeal by a father following a fact-finding hearing in private law children proceedings.
- In the Matter of S (A Child)  UKSC 20
Appeal by local authority to Supreme Court against an order that the local authority should pay the appeal costs of a successful appellant in care proceedings. Appeal allowed and costs order set aside.
- Re P and Q (Children - Care Proceedings - Fact Finding)  EWFC 26
Fact finding in care proceedings.
- W City Council v Mrs L (By her Litigation Friend PC)  EWCOP 20
Judgment in Court of Protection proceedings concerning a 93 year old woman with severe dementia as to (a) whether the care arrangements for her constitute a deprivation of her liberty; (b) if so, whether the State is responsible for such deprivation of liberty; and (c) if so, then whether such deprivation of liberty should be authorised by the court and what the arrangements for continuing authorisation should be. Held that there is no deprivation of liberty.
- A Healthcare NHS Trust v P & Q  EWCOP15
Judgment setting out guidance in relation to the procedure to be taken on applications for reporting restriction orders in the Court of Protection.
- SR (A Child: Habitual Residence)  EWHC 742 (Fam)
Application to determine habitual residence of a child subject to care proceedings
- Re C (A Child)  EWCA Civ 221
Appeal against care and placement orders where the first instance judge had had to determine the level of the risk posed to the mother and child by the father, who is the subject of a s41 Mental Health Act hospital order, and whether the risk could be managed.
- Re J (A Child)  EWCA Civ 222
Appeal by a mother against care and placement orders. Appeal allowed and case remitted for rehearing. Court of Appeal endorses the President’s judgment in Re A
- FAS v Bradford Metropolitan District Council and Another  EWHC 622 (Fam)
Application for an adoption order in respect of an 18 year old when the primary purpose of such an order was the grant of citizenship. Application refused
- London Borough of Brent v K  EWHC 658 (Fam)
Judgment criticising arrangements for placement and transportation in respect of a collection order.
- MAP v MFP  EWHC 627 (Fam)
Judgment in a big money case oncerning a very successful family business in which Moor J decided not to award an add-back in relation to dissoipated funds.
- R and S v T (Surrogacy: Service, Consent and Payments)  EWFC 22
Application for a parental order concerning twin boys born in Ukraine following a commercial surrogacy arrangement.
- Wright v Wright  EWCA Civ 201
Pitchford LJ’s refusal of permission to appeal HHJ Roberts’ decision varying a wife’s maintenance down.
- Wyatt v Vince  UKSC 14
Appeal by former wife against the striking out of her claim for financial relief 18 years after the grant of the decree absolute. Appeal allowed and costs allowance order in favour of wife restored.
- Re P (A Child)  EWCA Civ 170
Appeal by a father (who has a longstanding psychiatric diagnosis of bi-polar affective disorder) against a reduction in contact between himself and his daughter and against the imposition of a s.91(14) bar on further applications. Appeal dismissed.
- Re R (Children)  EWCA Civ 167
Appeal to consider the refusal to allow a child to give oral evidence in support of her father regarding serous disputed allegations in child care case.
- MG and JG v JF  EWHC 564 (Fam)
Application for a costs allowance under Schedule 1 to the Children Act 1989 to fund representation and experts fees in a private children dispute. Application granted.
- S (A Child) (No 1)  EWFC 19
Judgment by the President of the Family Division following a retrial of an application by a local authority for care and placement orders.
- D v D  EWCA Civ 181
The Court of Appeal set aside the decision to strike out the husband’s appeal in a financial remedies proceedings on the basis that it was wrong in principle and on the facts of the case
- JL v SL (No 3)  EWHC 555 (Fam)
Third judgment in financial remedy proceedings in which Mostyn J rejects an application for post-judgment relief.
- S (A Child) (No 2)  EWFC 20
Judgment following a retrial of care and placement proceedings highlighting various instances of poor practice.
- N v N  EWHC 514
Successful appeal by wife against the strike out of a variation of maintenance application for abuse of process and of enforcement of child maintenance arrears for offending principle of res judicata.
- HU v SU  EWFC 18
Fact finding hearing concerning four children, in which a wasted costs order was made against the mother's solicitors.
- A (A Child)  EWCA Civ 162-1
Appeal by local authority against the dismissal of its applications for a care order and placement for adoption order. Appeal dismissed.
- Re L (A Child)  EWFC 15
Judgment from the President of the Family Division, reminding practitioners of the importance of following Practice Direction 27A in respect of the preparation of Court bundles.
- B v B  EWHC 210 (Fam)
Appeal by husband against an order in financial remedy proceedings that a lump sum or series of lump sums should be paid to the wife as and when the husband’s shareholding was realised. Appeal dismissed.
- Re A and B (Prohibited Steps Order at Dispute Resolution Appointment)  EWFC B16
Appeal by father against prohibited steps orders requiring him to refrain from involving children in political activities. Appeal allowed and matter sent for rehearing.
- B v C (Surrogacy - Adoption)  EWFC 17
Application for an adoption order in respect of the child A by his biological father B where B had entered into a surrogacy arrangement with his own mother. Order granted.
- Re A (A Child)  EWFC 11
The President reminds practitioners of the importance of three fundamental principles within s.31 applications
- Joy v Joy  EWHC 455 (Fam)
Return hearing of wife’s without notice application for a freezing order in respect of her husband's vintage Bentley motorcar. Sir Peter Singer directed that the Bentley be placed in the custody of W’s agents to be transported to England and kept here pending the outcome of applications relating to previous MPS and legal services orders.
- A (Children)  EWCA Civ 133
Successful appeal from a peremptory dismissal of an application for DNA testing by a 13 year old child on the basis she had been deprived of a fair hearing
- Re A (A Child)  EWHC 443 (Fam)
Application by NHS foundation trust fordeclarations in relation to a child who has been declared clinically dead but remained ventilated. Consideration as to the respective jurisdictions of the coroner and the High Court.
- Re H (Children)  EWCA Civ 115
Appeal in public law children proceedings, by father whose main arguments revolved around the judge’s treatment of the evidence of a clinical psychologist which he said had been allowed to assume disproportionate importance. Appeal dismissed.
- NG v Sec of State for Works & Pensions and Another (Child support: receipt of benefit) (CSM)  UKUT 20 AAC
Successful appeal brought by a father concerning the interplay between child benefit and liability for child support
- IS (A Minor) v DBS & Another  EWHC 219 (Fam)
Judgment in proceedings concerning the parties' 14 year old child, who is a ward of court in England, where there have also been proceedings in Israel.
- AB v JB (EU Maintenance Regulation: modification application procedure)  EWHC 192 (Fam)
Judgment concerning whether a Form A issued on behalf of a husband in a county court (before the Family Court was constituted) validly seises that court with competent power to make an application for a periodical payments order.
- In the matter of Capita Translation and Interpreting Limited  EWFC 5
Application to the High Court for Capita Translation (a non party) to pay costs arising from hearings for which it had failed to provided interpreters
- Re S-W (children)  EWCA Civ 27
Appeal by mother against the making of final care orders where there had not been a full hearing. Appeal allowed.
- G (A Child)  EWCA Civ 119
Appeal by the mother against a decision to refuse her leave to apply to revoke a placement order. Appeal allowed and matter remitted to be heard by a different judge
- The Mental Health Trust & Ors v DD & Another  EWCOP 4
Application by mental health trust, acute trust and council to perform a therapeutic sterilisation on a patient lacking capacity without informing her of the date of the intervention, and to enter her home forcibly if necessary to take her to the hospital. Permission granted.
- Wigan Council v M & Others (Veracity Assessment)  EWFC 8
Judgment arising from a fact-finding hearing and concerning expert evidence in family proceedings relating to (i) the capacity of a witness to give evidence and (ii) the witness's veracity.
- AB v CD (Surrogacy - Time Limit and Consent)  EWFC 12
Judgment arising from application for parental orders in respect of twins where the surrogate mother had not had notice of the application, there was uncertainty as to whether the surrogate was married at the time of the embryo transfer and the application was made over 3 years after the birth of the children.
- The Prospective Adopters v FB and Others  EWHC 297 (Fam)
High Court application for an adoption order opposed by both parents and an older sibling in which post adoptive contact also at issue
- Lindner v Rawlins  EWCA Civ 61
Appeal by husband against refusal to order police disclosure in contested divorce proceedings. Appeal dismissed.
- Arif v Anwar  EWHC 124 (Fam)
A case involving the claim of a beneficial interest in a property by a third party and further sums owed to that third party, against a backdrop of a voluntary bankruptcy and financial remedy proceedings
- Re M (Republic of Ireland) (Child's Objections) (Joinder of Children as Parties to Appeal)  EWCA Civ 26
Appeal in Hague Convention proceedings considering the children's objections exception and the joinder of children as parties to an appeal.
- Sanchez v Oboz and Oboz  EWHC 235 (Fam)
Application by mother for orders for the committal to prison of the father and paternal grandmother following alleged breaches of orders made within wardship proceedings for the return of 3 year old daughter, wrongfully retained in Poland. Found that the father had breached two orders but adjourned sentencing to a further hearing alongside determination of the alleged breaches by the paternal grandmother.
- X & Another v Z (Children) & Another  EWCA Civ 34
Appeal against a decision of the President to permit disclosure of DNA profiles, obtained under PACE during a criminal investigation by the police, for the purposes of establishing paternity in care proceedings
- U-B (A Child)  EWCA Civ 60
Appeal by a mother against a decision to refuse to order a 14 year old be summarily returned to Spain under the 1980 Hague Convention. Appeal dismissed
- Lancashire County Council v T (Flight to Ireland)  EWFC 51
Judgment following a hearing to reconsider an existing interim order for five children to be returned from Ireland to foster care in England where independent evidence indicated that it was not necessary for the children to return.
- S v G  EWFC 4
Judgment arising from cross-applications concerning a 2 year old boy by which a mother sought permission to relocate to Russia and the father sought sole, or alternatively equal, care of the child in England. Mother's application granted.
- Graham-York v York  EWCA Civ 72
The Court of Appeal considers beneficial interests in a property held in the sole name of one cohabitee post Jones v Kernott, the “whole course of dealing” being held to be in relation to the property only, and considers the equity of exoneration in respect of the mortgage secured upon the property
- In the matter of B and G (Children) (No 2)  EWFC 3
Care proceedings in which the important issue was whether a girl had been subjected to Type IV Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), and if she had, what the implications of that were in relation to planning for her and her brother’s future. The local authority was unable on evidence to establish that G either has been or is at risk of being subjected to any form of FGM.
- Northamptonshire County Council v AS and Others  EWHC 199
Care proceedings. Local authority to pay damages of £17,000 to a child, the mother and the paternal grandparents under breaches of Article 6 and Article 8 Convention rights.
- Re R (A Child - Relocation)  EWHC 456 (Fam)
Consideration of a mother’s application to relocate the child to Hong Kong. Application refused.
- D (A Child) (No 2)  EWFC 2
Judgment in care and placement proceedings focusing on the difficulties faced by the parents in obtaining legal aid.
- Re K and H (Children - unrepresented father - cross-examination of child)  EWFC 1
The court orders HMCTS to pay the costs of legal representation for a litigant in person who falls outside the scope of legal aid for the purpose of cross-examination of a child who made serious allegations against that litigant
- Re SSM (A Child ) EWHC 327 (Fam)
Application by father for leave to oppose an adoption order, made pursuant to section 47(5) of the Adoption and Children Act 2002. Application refused and adoption order made.
- Re A (A Child)  EWFC 9
Fact-finding hearing in care proceedings concerning a child, where her sibling had been killed by the mother's boyfriend.
- Re S (A Child) (Habitual Residence and Child's Objections) (Brazil)  EWCA Civ 2
Appeal against orders in proceedings under the Hague Convention 1980 and the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court, refusing the return of a child to Brazil, focusing on (1) the question of the child's habitual residence and (2) whether she should be returned to Brazil notwithstanding her objections. Appeal dismissed.